4 de gen. 2012

Tres models d'entitats de voluntariat



 Quan parlem d’associacionisme, voluntariat o Tercer Sector estem parlant d’una realitat amb moltes semblances i algunes diferències. Estem parlant d’un sector no lucratiu, organitzat per entitats i que té un interès per la incidència social. Depenent de la importància del voluntariat, podem distingir tres models d’entitat. 

Hi ha entitats que són sobretot de voluntariat. Els projectes i les activitats realitzats per voluntaris són el centre de la seva activitat. Els assalariats poden ajudar a organitzar i coordinar tasques, però l’entitat es basa en el treball voluntari. Un cas prou conegut és el de l’educació en el lleure. Els monitors i caps són voluntaris que planifiquen, executen i avaluen la seva pròpia activitat. A la seu central de l’entitat hi ha un petit equip professional, ara més complet que fa vint anys, que gestiona  la comunicació de l’entitat, les assegurances o altres temes logístics. Però els caps i monitors, no necessiten cap “coordinador” assalariat de voluntariat que els capti, els fidelitzi o que els acompanyi...

A l’inversa, trobem que hi ha moltes entitats no lucratives que funcionen sobretot amb personal assalariat. Són entitats que s’emmarquen en el Tercer Sector i són en bona part proveïdors de serveis per l’administració en el camp de l’atenció a persones amb necessitats específiques. La majoria dels projectes són realitzats per personal contractat. El voluntariat, quan n’hi ha, pot fer tasques de reforç i complement, però sempre subordinat al treball professional. En els darrers anys moltes entitats nascudes inicialment amb treball voluntari en l’àmbit social han tendit cap al creixement basant-se en aquest model i han col·laborat a la consolidació del potent Tercer Sector Social a Catalunya.

Hi ha moltes entitats que se situen en un punt mig entre aquests dos models i compten amb un equilibri entre professionals  i voluntaris. Conviuen projectes propis de l’entitat desenvolupats per voluntaris, projectes professionalitzats i també projectes mixtes. És en aquests darrers on cal afinar més la convivència i els rols que desenvolupen voluntaris i assalariats. Algunes entitats conegudes amb aquest model poden ser el Casal dels Infants per a l'acció social als barris que compta amb 180 tècnics assalariats i 860 voluntaris o Creu Roja Catalunya, amb 16.000 voluntaris i gairebé 1.300 tècnics assalariats.

Tots tres models exposats poden funcionar molt bé. No són unes entitats més altruistes, més autèntiques o més pures que les altres. Ni tampoc unes altres més serioses, més eficaces o més eficients. El que és important és que cada entitat decideixi lliurement quin és el model que vol seguir, ho expliciti i actuï amb conseqüència per arribar-hi.

39 comentaris:

  1. Totalment d'acord. Però ara crec que hauríem de fer un pas més i ser capaços de definir diferents formes jurídiques que donin cabuda a aquestes realitats. Una proposta seria definir que vol dir ONG, ONL, ESAL, ... i dotar-los d'un marc jurídic propi, com passa en algun cas, així les entitats podrien aixoplugar-se sota la definició que creguin més convenient. La idea no és complicar l'existència al fet d'organitzar-se col·lectivament sinó ajudar a ser més transparents i eficaços en els objectius fundacionals.

    Ramon Torra
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    ResponElimina
  2. Els seus consells són excel·lents pel que fa a la motivació .Cada vegada informats cosa nova, així que m'agrada el teu bloc.

    ResponElimina
  3. Guau! Realment grans trets per provar. L'última vegada que va enviar alguns mètodes per motivar-se. Però això no era gran tant com aquest.

    ResponElimina
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  5. toptan iç giyim tercih etmenizin sebebi kaliteyi ucuza satın alabilmektir. Ürünler yine orjinaldir ve size sorun yaşatmaz. Yine de bilinen tekstil markalarını tercih etmelisiniz.

    Digitürk başvuru güncel adresine hoşgeldiniz. Hemen başvuru yaparsanız anında kurulum yapmaktayız.

    tutku iç giyim Türkiye'nin önde gelen iç giyim markalarından birisi olmasının yanı sıra en çok satan markalardan birisidir. Ürünleri hem çok kalitelidir hem de pamuk kullanımı daha fazladır.

    nbb sütyen hem kaliteli hem de uygun fiyatlı sütyenler üretmektedir. Sütyene ek olarak sütyen takımı ve jartiyer gibi ürünleri de mevcuttur. Özellikle Avrupa ve Orta Doğu'da çokça tercih edilmektedir.

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